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Two-state solution is the best option for Israel and Palestine

Daniel Hedstrom1 / 2
Gaza Strip (Source: C.I.A. World Factbook)2 / 2

With each passing day, there is a conflict between Israel and Palestine that deepens. Questions constantly arise about which proposed idea could best remedy this situation, and the answer is to create a two-state solution.

According to the Jerusalem Post, both Palestinian and Israeli people took a survey in which both groups showed 51 percent in favor of the two-state plan. The two-state proposition sees the Palestinians given control of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, whereas the Israeli people will settle in the central area of Israel. Each state will then share the holy capital city of Jerusalem.

Israel has a history taking more land than what is theirs, which leads to a good chance of this situation failing to work, yet it is still possible. What will it take to prevent the Israelis from overstepping their boundaries in order to keep violence at a minimum?

The most important factor in creating a successful two-state nation are the Palestinian refugees. According to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency, since 1948, a total of 4,766,670 refugees have fled to surrounding nations in the Middle East region. Most of these refugees are under the control of Israel's military and are not considered citizens. While the ideal resolution is to bring all the refugees back into the Palestinian territory, it will be extremely difficult for that to actually materialize.

However, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 194, which can hopefully reconstruct the Arab population. It states, "Refugees wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbours should be permitted to do so at the earliest practicable date, and that compensation should be paid for property of those choosing not to return and for loss of or damage to property which, unders principles of international law or equity, should be made good by the governments or authorities responsible." The goal of this is to not just reinvigorate the Arab population but help create a successful two-state nation. By properly implementing this resolution, that can be accomplished.

Surprisingly, a two-state nation has a multitude of benefits. Most importantly, according to a RAND Corporation study, the establishment of a two-state solution will, as a whole, boost the Israeli economy. Vishakha Sonawane, correspondent for the International Business Times, writes, " ... over the next decade, Israel's economy would get a boost of $120 billion while the Palestinian economy would gain $50 billion ... " This would only work if both states would be able to set aside their many differences and look to incorporate peace among each other.

Many believe there is no possible way to end the tensions, but with the installment of the United Nations' resolution and the U.N.'s involvement, peace could be reached in the foreseeable future.

Ultimately, the situation lies in the hands of the Arab and Israeli citizens. If they are not willing to stop the violence and coordinate peace, are the efforts from outside organizations truly worth fighting for the reconciliation?

Daniel Hedstrom is a senior at Hermantown High School.

This is one of three opinion pieces by Hermantown High School students in the Jan. 31 issue. The others are:

Should the U.S. be th global cop in Syria?

The Syrian refugee crisis